»HTTP API Structure

The main interface to Consul is a RESTful HTTP API. The API can perform basic CRUD operations on nodes, services, checks, configuration, and more.

»Authentication

When authentication is enabled, a Consul token should be provided to API requests using the X-Consul-Token header or with the Bearer scheme in the authorization header. This reduces the probability of the token accidentally getting logged or exposed. When using authentication, clients should communicate via TLS. If you don’t provide a token in the request, then the agent default token will be used.

Below is an example using curl with X-Consul-Token.

$ curl \
    --header "X-Consul-Token: <consul token>" \
    http://127.0.0.1:8500/v1/agent/members

Below is an example using curl with Bearer scheme.

$ curl \
    --header "Authorization: Bearer <consul token>" \
    http://127.0.0.1:8500/v1/agent/members

Previously this was provided via a ?token= query parameter. This functionality exists on many endpoints for backwards compatibility, but its use is highly discouraged, since it can show up in access logs as part of the URL.

To learn more about the ACL system read the documentation.

»Version Prefix

All API routes are prefixed with /v1/. This documentation is only for the v1 API.

»Formatted JSON Output

By default, the output of all HTTP API requests is minimized JSON. If the client passes pretty on the query string, formatted JSON will be returned.

»HTTP Methods

Consul's API aims to be RESTful, although there are some exceptions. The API responds to the standard HTTP verbs GET, PUT, and DELETE. Each API method will clearly document the verb(s) it responds to and the generated response. The same path with different verbs may trigger different behavior. For example:

PUT /v1/kv/foo
GET /v1/kv/foo

Even though these share a path, the PUT operation creates a new key whereas the GET operation reads an existing key.

Here is the same example using curl:

$ curl \
    --request PUT \
    --data 'hello consul' \
    http://127.0.0.1:8500/v1/kv/foo

»Translated Addresses

Consul 0.7 added the ability to translate addresses in HTTP response based on the configuration setting for translate_wan_addrs. In order to allow clients to know if address translation is in effect, the X-Consul-Translate-Addresses header will be added if translation is enabled, and will have a value of true. If translation is not enabled then this header will not be present.

»UUID Format

UUID-format identifiers generated by the Consul API use the hashicorp/go-uuid library.

These UUID-format strings are generated using high quality, purely random bytes. It is not intended to be RFC compliant, merely to use a well-understood string representation of a 128-bit value.