» Network Areas - Operator HTTP API

The /operator/area endpoints provide tools to manage network areas via Consul's HTTP API.

The network area functionality described here is available only in Consul Enterprise version 0.8.0 and later. Network areas are operator-defined relationships between servers in two different Consul datacenters.

Unlike Consul's WAN feature, network areas use just the server RPC port for communication, and relationships can be made between independent pairs of datacenters, so not all servers need to be fully connected. This allows for complex topologies among Consul datacenters like hub/spoke and more general trees.

Please see the Network Areas Guide for more details.

» Create Network Area

This endpoint creates a new network area and returns its ID if it is created successfully.

Method Path Produces
POST /operator/area application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
NO none operator:write

» Parameters

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

  • PeerDatacenter (string: <required>) - Specifes the name of the Consul datacenter that will be joined the Consul servers in the current datacenter to form the area. Only one area is allowed for each possible PeerDatacenter, and a datacenter cannot form an area with itself.

  • RetryJoin (array<string>: nil)- Specifies a list of Consul servers to attempt to join. Servers can be given as IP, IP:port, hostname, or hostname:port. Consul will spawn a background task that tries to periodically join the servers in this list and will run until a join succeeds. If this list is not supplied, joining can be done with a call to the join endpoint once the network area is created.

  • UseTLS (bool: <optional>) - Specifies whether gossip over this area should be encrypted with TLS if possible.

» Sample Payload

{
  "PeerDatacenter": "dc2",
  "RetryJoin": [ "10.1.2.3", "10.1.2.4", "10.1.2.5" ],
  "UseTLS": false
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --request POST \
    --data @payload.json \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area

» Sample Response

{
  "ID": "8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05"
}

» List Network Areas

This endpoint lists all network areas.

Method Path Produces
GET /operator/area application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
YES all operator:read

» Parameters

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area

» Sample Response

[
  {
    "ID": "8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05",
    "PeerDatacenter": "dc2",
    "RetryJoin": ["10.1.2.3", "10.1.2.4", "10.1.2.5"]
  }
]

» Update Network Area

This endpoint updates a network area to the given configuration.

Method Path Produces
PUT /operator/area/:uuid application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
NO none operator:write

» Parameters

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

  • UseTLS (bool: <optional>) - Specifies whether gossip over this area should be encrypted with TLS if possible.

» Sample Payload

{
  "UseTLS": true
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --request PUT \
    --data @payload.json \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area/8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05

» List Specific Network Area

This endpoint lists a specific network area.

Method Path Produces
GET /operator/area/:uuid application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
YES all operator:read

» Parameters

  • uuid (string: <required>) - Specifies the UUID of the area to list. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area/8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05

» Sample Response

[
  {
    "ID": "8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05",
    "PeerDatacenter": "dc2",
    "RetryJoin": ["10.1.2.3", "10.1.2.4", "10.1.2.5"]
  }
]

» Delete Network Area

This endpoint deletes a specific network area.

Method Path Produces
DELETE /operator/area/:uuid application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
NO none operator:write

» Parameters

  • uuid (string: <required>) - Specifies the UUID of the area to delete. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --request DELETE \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area/8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05

» Join Network Area

This endpoint attempts to join the given Consul servers into a specific network area.

Method Path Produces
PUT /operator/area/:uuid/join application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
NO none operator:write

» Parameters

  • uuid (string: <required>) - Specifies the UUID of the area to join. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

» Sample Palyoad

["10.1.2.3", "10.1.2.4", "10.1.2.5"]

This can be provided as IP, IP:port, hostname, or hostname:port.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --request PUT \
    --data @payload.json \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area/8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05/join

» Sample Response

[
  {
    "Address": "10.1.2.3",
    "Joined": true,
    "Error": ""
  },
  {
    "Address": "10.1.2.4",
    "Joined": true,
    "Error": ""
  },
  {
    "Address": "10.1.2.5",
    "Joined": true,
    "Error": ""
  }
]
  • Address has the address requested to join.

  • Joined will be true if the Consul server at the given address was successfully joined into the network area. Otherwise, this will be false and Error will have a human-readable message about why the join didn't succeed.

» List Network Area Members

This endpoint provides a listing of the Consul servers present in a specific network area.

Method Path Produces
GET /operator/area/:uuid/members application/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries, consistency modes, and required ACLs.

Blocking Queries Consistency Modes ACL Required
NO none operator:read

» Parameters

  • uuid (string: <required>) - Specifies the UUID of the area to list. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • dc (string: "") - Specifies the datacenter to query. This will default to the datacenter of the agent being queried. This is specified as a URL query parameter.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    https://consul.rocks/v1/operator/area/8f246b77-f3e1-ff88-5b48-8ec93abf3e05/members

» Sample Response

[
  {
    "ID": "afc5d95c-1eee-4b46-b85b-0efe4c76dd48",
    "Name": "node-2.dc1",
    "Addr": "127.0.0.2",
    "Port": 8300,
    "Datacenter": "dc1",
    "Role": "server",
    "Build": "0.8.0",
    "Protocol": 2,
    "Status": "alive",
    "RTT": 256478
  },
]
  • ID is the node ID of the server.

  • Name is the node name of the server, with its datacenter appended.

  • Addr is the IP address of the node.

  • Port is the server RPC port of the node.

  • Datacenter is the node's Consul datacenter.

  • Role is always "server" since only Consul servers can participate in network areas.

  • Build has the Consul version running on the node.

  • Protocol is the protocol version being spoken by the node.

  • Status is the current health status of the node, as determined by the network area distributed failure detector. This will be "alive", "leaving", "left", or "failed". A "failed" status means that other servers are not able to probe this server over its server RPC interface.

  • RTT is an estimated network round trip time from the server answering the query to the given server, in nanoseconds. This is computed using network coordinates.