»Consul Connect Proxy

Command: consul connect proxy

The connect proxy command is used to run Consul's built-in mTLS proxy for use with Connect. This can be used in production to enable a Connect-unaware application to accept and establish Connect-based connections. This proxy can also be used in development to connect to Connect-enabled services.

»Usage

Usage: consul connect proxy [options]

»API Options

  • -ca-file=<value> - Path to a CA file to use for TLS when communicating with Consul. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CACERT environment variable.

  • -ca-path=<value> - Path to a directory of CA certificates to use for TLS when communicating with Consul. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CAPATH environment variable.

  • -client-cert=<value> - Path to a client cert file to use for TLS when verify_incoming is enabled. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CLIENT_CERT environment variable.

  • -client-key=<value> - Path to a client key file to use for TLS when verify_incoming is enabled. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CLIENT_KEY environment variable.

  • -http-addr=<addr> - Address of the Consul agent with the port. This can be an IP address or DNS address, but it must include the port. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_HTTP_ADDR environment variable. In Consul 0.8 and later, the default value is http://127.0.0.1:8500, and https can optionally be used instead. The scheme can also be set to HTTPS by setting the environment variable CONSUL_HTTP_SSL=true. This may be a unix domain socket using unix:///path/to/socket if the agent is configured to listen that way.

  • -tls-server-name=<value> - The server name to use as the SNI host when connecting via TLS. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_TLS_SERVER_NAME environment variable.

  • -token=<value> - ACL token to use in the request. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_HTTP_TOKEN environment variable. If unspecified, the query will default to the token of the Consul agent at the HTTP address.

  • -token-file=<value> - File containing the ACL token to use in the request instead of one specified via the -token argument or CONSUL_HTTP_TOKEN environment variable. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_HTTP_TOKEN_FILE environment variable.

  • -datacenter=<name> - Name of the datacenter to query. If unspecified, the query will default to the datacenter of the Consul agent at the HTTP address.

  • -stale - Permit any Consul server (non-leader) to respond to this request. This allows for lower latency and higher throughput, but can result in stale data. This option has no effect on non-read operations. The default value is false.

»Proxy Options

  • -sidecar-for - The ID (not name if they differ) of the service instance this proxy will represent. The target service doesn't need to exist on the local agent yet but a sidecar proxy registration with proxy.destination_service_id equal to the passed value must be present. If multiple proxy registrations targeting the same local service instance are present the command will error and -proxy-id should be used instead.

  • -proxy-id - The proxy service ID on the local agent. This must already be present on the local agent.

  • -log-level - Specifies the log level.

  • -pprof-addr - Enable debugging via pprof. Providing a host:port (or just ':port') enables profiling HTTP endpoints on that address.

  • -service - Name of the service this proxy is representing. This service doesn't need to actually exist in the Consul catalog, but proper ACL permissions (service:write) are required. This and the remaining options can be used to setup a proxy that is not registered already with local config useful for development.

  • -upstream - Upstream service to support connecting to. The format should be 'name:addr', such as 'db:8181'. This will make 'db' available on port 8181. When a regular TCP connection is made to port 8181, the proxy will service discover "db" and establish a Connect mTLS connection identifying as the -service value. This flag can be repeated multiple times.

  • -listen - Address to listen for inbound connections to the proxied service. Must be specified with -service and -service-addr. If this isn't specified, an inbound listener is not started.

  • -service-addr - Address of the local service to proxy. Required for -listen.

  • -register - Self-register with the local Consul agent, making this proxy available as Connect-capable service in the catalog. This is only useful with -listen.

  • -register-id - Optional ID suffix for the service when -register is set to disambiguate the service ID. By default the service ID is <service>-proxy where <service> is the -service value. In most cases it is now preferable to use consul services register to register a fully configured proxy instance rather than specify config and registration via this command.

»Examples

The example below shows how to start a local proxy for establishing outbound connections to "db" representing the frontend service. Once running, any process that creates a TCP connection to the specified port (8181) will establish a mutual TLS connection to "db" identified as "frontend".

$ consul connect proxy -service frontend -upstream db:8181

The next example starts a local proxy that also accepts inbound connections on port 8443, authorizes the connection, then proxies it to port 8080:

$ consul connect proxy \
    -service frontend \
    -service-addr 127.0.0.1:8080 \
    -listen ':8443'