» Consul KV Get

Command: consul kv get

The kv get command is used to retrieve the value from Consul's KV store at the given key name. If no key exists with that name, an error is returned. If a key exists with that name but has no data, nothing is returned. If the name or prefix is omitted, it defaults to "" which is the root of the KV store.

» Usage

Usage: consul kv get [options] [KEY_OR_PREFIX]

» API Options

  • -ca-file=<value> - Path to a CA file to use for TLS when communicating with Consul. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CACERT environment variable.

  • -ca-path=<value> - Path to a directory of CA certificates to use for TLS when communicating with Consul. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CAPATH environment variable.

  • -client-cert=<value> - Path to a client cert file to use for TLS when verify_incoming is enabled. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CLIENT_CERT environment variable.

  • -client-key=<value> - Path to a client key file to use for TLS when verify_incoming is enabled. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_CLIENT_KEY environment variable.

  • -http-addr=<addr> - Address of the Consul agent with the port. This can be an IP address or DNS address, but it must include the port. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_HTTP_ADDR environment variable. In Consul 0.8 and later, the default value is http://127.0.0.1:8500, and https can optionally be used instead. The scheme can also be set to HTTPS by setting the environment variable CONSUL_HTTP_SSL=true.

  • -tls-server-name=<value> - The server name to use as the SNI host when connecting via TLS. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_TLS_SERVER_NAME environment variable.

  • -token=<value> - ACL token to use in the request. This can also be specified via the CONSUL_HTTP_TOKEN environment variable. If unspecified, the query will default to the token of the Consul agent at the HTTP address.

  • -datacenter=<name> - Name of the datacenter to query. If unspecified, the query will default to the datacenter of the Consul agent at the HTTP address.

  • -stale - Permit any Consul server (non-leader) to respond to this request. This allows for lower latency and higher throughput, but can result in stale data. This option has no effect on non-read operations. The default value is false.

» KV Get Options

  • -base64 - Base 64 encode the value. The default value is false.

  • -detailed - Provide additional metadata about the key in addition to the value such as the ModifyIndex and any flags that may have been set on the key. The default value is false.

  • -keys - List keys which start with the given prefix, but not their values. This is especially useful if you only need the key names themselves. This option is commonly combined with the -separator option. The default value is false.

  • -recurse - Recursively look at all keys prefixed with the given path. The default value is false.

  • -separator=<string> - String to use as a separator between keys. The default value is "/", but this option is only taken into account when paired with the -keys flag.

» Examples

To retrieve the value for the key named "redis/config/connections" in the KV store:

$ consul kv get redis/config/connections
5

This will return the original, raw value stored in Consul. To view detailed information about the key, specify the "-detailed" flag. This will output all known metadata about the key including ModifyIndex and any user-supplied flags:

$ consul kv get -detailed redis/config/connections
CreateIndex      336
Flags            0
Key              redis/config/connections
LockIndex        0
ModifyIndex      336
Session          -
Value            5

If the key with the given name does not exist, an error is returned:

$ consul kv get not-a-real-key
Error! No key exists at: not-a-real-key

To treat the path as a prefix and list all keys which start with the given prefix, specify the "-recurse" flag:

$ consul kv get -recurse redis/
redis/config/connections:5
redis/config/cpu:128
redis/config/memory:512

Or list detailed information about all pairs under a prefix:

$ consul kv get -recurse -detailed redis
CreateIndex      336
Flags            0
Key              redis/config/connections
LockIndex        0
ModifyIndex      336
Session          -
Value            5

CreateIndex      472
Flags            0
Key              redis/config/cpu
LockIndex        0
ModifyIndex      472
Session          -
Value            128

CreateIndex      471
Flags            0
Key              redis/config/memory
LockIndex        0
ModifyIndex      471
Session          -
Value            512

To just list the keys which start with the specified prefix, use the "-keys" option instead. This is more performant and results in a smaller payload:

$ consul kv get -keys redis/config/
redis/config/connections
redis/config/cpu
redis/config/memory

By default, the -keys operation uses a separator of "/", meaning it will not recurse beyond that separator. You can choose a different separator by setting -separator="<string>".

$ consul kv get -keys -separator="c" redis
redis/c

Alternatively, you can disable the separator altogether by setting it to the empty string:

$ consul kv get -keys -separator="" redis
redis/config/connections
redis/config/cpu
redis/config/memory

To list all keys at the root, simply omit the prefix parameter:

$ consul kv get -keys
memcached/
redis/