»Common Error Messages

When installing and running Consul, there are some common messages you might see. Usually they indicate an issue in your network or in your server's configuration. Some of the more common errors and their solutions are listed below.

If you are getting an error message you don't see listed on this page, please consider following our general Troubleshooting Guide.

For common errors messages related to Kubernetes, please go to Common errors on Kubernetes.

»Configuration file errors

»Multiple network interfaces

Multiple private IPv4 addresses found. Please configure one with 'bind' and/or 'advertise'.

Your server has multiple active network interfaces. Consul needs to know which interface to use for local LAN communications. Add the bind option to your configuration.

»Configuration syntax errors

Error parsing config.hcl: At 1:12: illegal char
Error parsing config.hcl: At 1:32: key 'foo' expected start of object ('{') or assignment ('=')
Error parsing server.json: invalid character '`' looking for beginning of value

There is a syntax error in your configuration file. If the error message doesn't identify the exact location in the file where the problem is, try using jq to find it, for example:

$ consul agent -server -config-file server.json
==> Error parsing server.json: invalid character '`' looking for beginning of value
$ cat server.json | jq .
parse error: Invalid numeric literal at line 3, column 29

»Invalid host name

Node name "consul_client.internal" will not be discoverable via DNS due to invalid characters.

Add the node name option to your agent configuration and provide a valid DNS name.

»I/O timeouts

Failed to join dial tcp i/o timeout
Failed to sync remote state: No cluster leader

If the Consul client and server are on the same LAN, then most likely, a firewall is blocking connections to the Consul server.

If they are not on the same LAN, check the retry_join settings in the Consul client configuration. The client should be configured to join a cluster inside its local network.

»Deadline exceeded

Error getting server health from "XXX": context deadline exceeded

These error messages indicate a general performance problem on the Consul server. Make sure you are monitoring Consul telemetry and system metrics according to our monitoring guide. Increase the CPU or memory allocation to the server if needed. Check the performance of the network between Consul nodes.

»Too many open files

Error accepting TCP connection: accept tcp [::]:8301: too many open files in system
Get http://localhost:8500/: dial tcp socket: too many open files

On a busy cluster, the operating system may not provide enough file descriptors to the Consul process. You will need to increase the limit for the Consul user, and maybe the system-wide limit as well. A good guide for Linux can be found here.

Or, if you are starting Consul from systemd, you could add LimitNOFILE=65536 to the unit file for Consul. You can see our example unit file here.

»Snapshot close error

Our RPC protocol requires support for a TCP half-close in order to signal the other side that they are done reading the stream, since we don't know the size in advance. This saves us from having to buffer just to calculate the size.

If a host does not properly implement half-close you may see an error message [ERR] consul: Failed to close snapshot: write tcp <source>-><destination>: write: broken pipe when saving snapshots. This should not affect saving and restoring snapshots.

This has been a known issue in Docker, but may manifest in other environments as well.

»ACL Not Found

RPC error making call: rpc error making call: ACL not found

This indicates that you have ACL enabled in your cluster, but you aren't passing a valid token. Make sure that when creating your tokens that they have the correct permissions set. In addition, you would want to make sure that an agent token is provided on each call.

»TLS and Certificates

»Incorrect certificate or certificate name

Remote error: tls: bad certificate
X509: certificate signed by unknown authority

Make sure that your Consul clients and servers are using the correct certificates, and that they've been signed by the same CA. The easiest way to do this is to follow our guide.

If you generate your own certificates, make sure the server certificates include the special name server.dc1.consul in the Subject Alternative Name (SAN) field. (If you change the values of datacenter or domain in your configuration, update the SAN accordingly.)

»HTTP instead of HTTPS

Error querying agent: malformed HTTP response
Net/http: HTTP/1.x transport connection broken: malformed HTTP response "\x15\x03\x01\x00\x02\x02"

You are attempting to connect to a Consul agent with HTTP on a port that has been configured for HTTPS.

If you are using the Consul CLI, make sure you are specifying "https" in the -http-addr flag or the CONSUL_HTTP_ADDR environment variable.

If you are interacting with the API, change the URI scheme to "https".

»License warnings

License: expiration time: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS -0500 EST, time left: 29m0s

You have installed an Enterprise version of Consul. If you are an Enterprise customer, provide a license key to Consul before it shuts down. Otherwise, install the open-source Consul binary instead.

»Common errors on Kubernetes

»Unable to connect to the Consul client on the same host

If the pods are unable to connect to a Consul client running on the same host, first check if the Consul clients are up and running with kubectl get pods.

$ kubectl get pods -l "component=client"
consul-kzws6   1/1     Running   0          58s

If you are still unable to connect and see i/o timeout or connection refused errors when connecting to the Consul client on the Kubernetes worker, this could be because the CNI (Container Networking Interface) does not support the use of hostPort.

Put dial tcp connect: connection refused
Put dial tcp connect: connection refused
Get dial tcp i/o timeout

The IP above refers to the IP of the host where the Consul client pods are running.

To work around this issue, enable hostNetwork in your Helm values. Using the host network will enable the pod to use the host's network namespace without the need for CNI to support port mappings between containers and the host.

  hostNetwork: true
  dnsPolicy: ClusterFirstWithHostNet